3.1 Child in Need Plans and Reviews

SCOPE OF THIS CHAPTER

This chapter does not apply to children who are the subject of a Child Protection Plan. Where the child is subject to a Child Protection Plan, this will be drawn up in outline at the Initial Child Protection Conference and in detail at the Core Group meeting(s). It will be reviewed by a Child Protection Review Conference. Please see Central Bedfordshire Safeguarding Children Board Inter Agency Procedures Manual in relation to the implementation of the Child Protection Plan.

AMENDMENT

This chapter was updated in June 2014.


Contents

  1. Child in Need Meetings
  2. Child in Need Plans
  3. Reviews of Child in Need Plans
  4. A Child Subject to a Supervision Order


1. Child in Need Meetings

Child in Need Meetings will follow either an Assessment, where the assessment is informing or has concluded that a package of family support is required to meet the child's needs under Section 17 of the Children Act 1989.

The Child in Need Meeting provides an opportunity for a child and his or her parents/carers, together with key agencies, to identify and agree the package of services required and to develop the Child in Need Plan.

All Child in Need Meetings should be attended by the child (if appropriate, depending on age and understanding), parents/carers and those agencies whose potential/actual contribution is recommended as an outcome of an assessment.

The relevant Social Worker should discuss potential attendees for the Child in Need Meeting with the child and the parents/carers prior to arrangements being made for the meeting.

It will be important that an appropriate venue suitable for the child and his or her family is used for the meeting. Consideration must be given to transport, timing and any child care issues. Where a child is attending a meeting and is of school age the meeting should be held outside of school time, wherever possible.

The first Child in Need Meeting will be chaired by a Social Worker manager unless otherwise delegated.

The Social Worker is responsible for convening the meeting and arranging invitations.

The chair of the meeting will ensure that a record of the meeting is made. This record will be copied to those involved, including the child and parent(s).


2. Child in Need Plans

A Child in Need Plan will be developed in a Child in Need Meeting.

Most Child in Need Plans will envisage that Children's Services intervention will end within twelve months. However, some children and families may require longer term support, for example children with disabilities.

The Child in Need Plan must identify the Lead Professional, any resources or services that will be needed to achieve the planned outcomes within the agreed timescales and who is responsible for which action and the time-scale involved.

In particular, the Child in Need Plan should:

  • Describe the identified developmental needs of the child, and any services required;
  • Include specific, achievable, child-focused outcomes intended to promote and safeguard the welfare of the child;
  • Include realistic strategies and specific actions to achieve the planned outcomes;
  • Include a contingency plan to be followed if circumstances change significantly and require prompt action;
  • Include timescales that are not too short or unachievable;
  • Not be dependent on resources which are known to be scarce or unavailable;
  • Identify the Lead Professional and his or her responsibilities, including frequency of visits to the child;
  • Clearly identify the roles and responsibilities of other professionals and family members, including the nature and frequency of contact by professionals with children and family members;
  • Lay down points at which progress will be reviewed and the means by which it will be judged;
  • The views and wishes of the parent/carer and the child should be recorded in the Plan.

The Chair of the Child in Need Meeting is responsible for ensuring the distribution of the Child in Need Plan. A copy of the Child in Need Plan should be provided to the parents, child (if old enough) and the agencies or other professionals involved in the provision of services under the Plan.

The Lead Professional will be responsible for coordinating the plan.

Where it becomes necessary to make adjustments to the plan and services provided, any changes to the plan must be made in consultation with the parents and the child (where appropriate) and key professionals from other agencies.


3. Reviews of Child in Need Plans

Reviews will be conducted at intervals agreed with the Lead Professional’s line manager, which will be approximately every six weeks and no less than once every three months, unless there are exceptional circumstances when timescales can be longer and the reason for this is recorded on the child’s record. This can include disabled children whose circumstances remain consistent and the services provided do not require such a regular review.

If there are significant changes in the family circumstances, an early review should take place.

Any child protection or safeguarding issues which arise during the course of a Child in Need Plan must be responded to in line with the Central Bedfordshire Safeguarding Children Board Inter Agency Procedures Manual.

The Review will usually be carried out by the Lead Professional, who should invite or seek the views of the child, parents and any service providers. The responsible team will administer all Child in Need Reviews.

The Review will generally take place within a meeting, unless the manager agrees otherwise. The Lead Professional or line manager will usually chair the meeting.

The purpose of the Review is to ensure that the services provided are contributing to the achievement of the objectives within the time-scales set.

Where it is proposed that a complex package of support being provided under a Child in Need Plan should continue beyond 12 months there should be a specific review chaired by the manager of the responsible team. Exceptions to this will be those cases where the plan acknowledges the need for longer term support, for example in relation to children who meet the criteria for a service in relation to a disability.

All decisions made should be recorded on the child’s electronic record, together with reasons, and dated.

A copy of the record should be sent to the child (if old enough), parent and all other participants in the Review process.

The outcome of a Review will be:

  1. That the child is no longer a Child in Need requiring Children's Social Care Services intervention, which will result in a recommendation to the Manager that the case be closed. Although the child may continue to receive services from a single agency or under a multi-agency plan not involving Children's Social Care but require a Team around the Child meeting and step down process, see Team Around the Child (TAC) DfE;
  2. That the child continues to be a Child in Need requiring the same level of services, resulting in the continuing provision of services and minor amendment, as necessary, of the Child in Need Plan;
  3. That the child’s needs are sufficiently complex and/or (s)he requires additional services to safeguard and promote his or her welfare such as to justify a further Assessment to be undertaken;
  4. That the child appears to be at risk of Significant Harm, resulting in the need for a Strategy Discussion/Meeting and possible Section 47 Enquiry as part of a Child and Family Assessment.

Where the outcome of the Review is an amendment to the Child in Need Plan, the Lead Professional should circulate a copy of the amended Plan to the child, parents, and other agencies/professionals involved in providing the services set out in the amended Plan, including any new services to be provided.


4. A Child Subject to a Supervision Order

A Child our young person subject to a Supervision Order will be responded to and and receive services as a Child in Need.

End